It might lead to the baby being born early and also could cause seizures or a stroke (a blood clot or a bleed in the brain that can lead to brain damage) in the woman during labor and delivery.
What are some adverse health events associated with a large fetus as a result of uncontrolled maternal diabetes?
The most common fetal adverse outcomes found in pregnancies of women with diabetes are fetal and neonatal loss, a great variety of congenital abnormalities and malformations, premature delivery (delivery occurring before 37 weeks’ gestation), fetal growth acceleration and macrosomia (defined as a birth weight above 4 …
What adverse health events are associated with uncontrolled eclampsia?
The condition could lead to a separation of the placenta from the uterus (referred to as placental abruption), preterm birth, and pregnancy loss or stillbirth. In some cases, preeclampsia can lead to organ failure or stroke. In severe cases, preeclampsia can develop into eclampsia, which includes seizures.
What are some adverse health events associated with a large fetus?
Low blood sugar in the baby in the first several hours after birth. A higher risk for birth defects. Trouble breathing.
What are risks to the fetus of uncontrolled maternal diabetes during pregnancy quizlet?
Risk for having uncontrolled diabetes in pregnancy include having a miscarriage, fetal birth defects, preeclampsia, fetal demise, macrosonmia, neonatal hypoglycemia and hyperbilirubinemia, risk of diabetes in childs later life, and increased risk of child obesity.
What are the negative effects of caffeine consumption associated with pregnancy quizlet?
What are the negative effects of caffeine consumption associated with pregnancy? caffeine reduces blood flow through the placenta, the fetus is unable to detoxify caffeine, and caffeine consumption decreases the mother’s ability to absorb iron.
What is the management of gestational diabetes?
Medication. If diet and exercise aren’t enough, you may need insulin injections to lower your blood sugar. Between 10% and 20% of women with gestational diabetes need insulin to reach their blood sugar goals.
Why do you have seizures with eclampsia?
High blood pressure
Damage to your arteries may restrict blood flow. It can produce swelling in the blood vessels in your brain and to your growing baby. If this abnormal blood flow through vessels interferes with your brain’s ability to function, seizures may occur.
What is the standard treatment for eclampsia?
The drug of choice to treat and prevent eclampsia is magnesium sulfate. Familiarity with second-line medications phenytoin and diazepam/lorazepam is required for cases in which magnesium sulfate may be contraindicated (eg, myasthenia gravis) or ineffective.
What does preeclampsia do to the mother?
Preeclampsia affects the arteries carrying blood to the placenta. If the placenta doesn’t get enough blood, your baby may receive inadequate blood and oxygen and fewer nutrients. This can lead to slow growth known as fetal growth restriction, low birth weight or preterm birth.
What is the most common complication in pregnancy?
These are the most common complications women experience during pregnancy:
- High blood pressure. High blood pressure occurs when the arteries that carry blood from the heart to the organs and the placenta are narrowed. …
- Gestational diabetes. …
- Preeclampsia. …
- Preterm labor. …
- Miscarriage. …
- Anemia. …
- Infections. …
- Breech position.
What is considered a large baby at birth?
When an infant weighs more than 8 pounds 13 ounces at birth, she’s considered a “big baby” — or one with macrosomia. Macrosomia occurs when a baby gets more nutrients in utero than she needs, causing her to grow faster and larger than usual.
What causes fetal macrosomia?
Factors associated with fetal macrosomia include genetics; duration of gestation; presence of gestational diabetes; high pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI); excessive gestational weight gain; and class A, B, and C diabetes mellitus.
Which conditions are common in infants born to mothers with diabetes mellitus?
Infants of diabetic mothers are prone to various neonatal adverse outcomes, including metabolic and hematologic disorders, respiratory distress, cardiac disorders and neurologic impairment due to perinatal asphyxia and birth traumas, among others.
What are fetal complications from maternal diabetes that the nurse must monitor for?
Fetal complications include preterm labor and delivery, small or large size for gestational age, shoulder dystocia birth injury, and neonatal hypoglycemia.
What is a fetal complication associated with gestational diabetes?
Babies of mothers who have gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth. Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.