None of the medications used to treat ADHD — including Vyvanse, Adderall, and Ritalin — are proven to be safe to use during pregnancy, but they are also not proven to be harmful, according to the Federal Drug Administration (FDA).
Can Adderall cause birth defects in early pregnancy?
There was no increased risk of birth defects in general or heart malformations specifically with amphetamines like Adderall, the researchers found.
Can I take ADHD medication while pregnant?
The study also found that women who took ADHD medicine during early pregnancy may be more likely to have a baby with some types of birth defects compared to women who did not take ADHD medicine. This is among the first few studies to look at ADHD medicine use among pregnant women and risk for individual birth defects.
What can I take instead of Adderall while pregnant?
Human data on Methylphenidate is limited and we cannot rule out the risk of malformation given the available information. Alternative pharmacologic treatment options include tricyclic antidepressants, bupropion and clonidine; these drugs have more evidence to support their safety in pregnancy.
Does Adderall pass through placenta?
Due to the lipid soluble characteristics of amphetamines, this drug is able to cross mostly every kind of membrane with little to no assistance (Fitzgerald, 2013). Accordingly amphetamines can cross the placenta. Most of us are aware of the dangerous effects that methamphetamine causes to drug abusers.
What happens if you take Adderall without ADHD?
In people who don’t have ADHD, because Adderall produces an excess amount of dopamine, users may experience feelings of euphoria and increased energy levels, as well as possible dangerous physical and emotional side effects.
How can you prevent ADHD during pregnancy?
Pregnant women should maintain higher high-density lipoprotein levels for adequate fetal brain development and reduction of ADHD risk, according to a new study.
Can you take anxiety medication while pregnant?
Generally, these antidepressants are an option during pregnancy: Certain selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRIs are generally considered an option during pregnancy, including citalopram (Celexa) and sertraline (Zoloft). Potential complications include maternal weight changes and premature birth.
What medications are not safe during pregnancy?
What medicines should you avoid during pregnancy?
- Bismuth subsalicylate (such as Pepto-Bismol).
- Phenylephrine or pseudoephedrine, which are decongestants. …
- Cough and cold medicines that contain guaifenesin. …
- Pain medicines like aspirin and ibuprofen (such as Advil and Motrin) and naproxen (such as Aleve).
Can you take melatonin while pregnant?
Melatonin is a popular natural sleep aid. It’s mostly considered safe for short-term use, but it has not been proven safe for pregnancy. Talk to your doctor before taking melatonin during pregnancy.
When should I stop taking Adderall when pregnant?
Women with ADHD who become pregnant must decide whether to remain on medication or cease taking their Adderall or Vyvanse or other prescription for at least nine months. For women hoping to breastfeed, this decision may impact life — for the mother, the child, and the rest of the family — for two years or more.
How does Adderall affect an unborn baby?
“Babies born to mothers taking Adderall in pregnancy are at increased risk of premature delivery, low birth weight, and withdrawal symptoms including agitation, dysphoria, laziness, and poor feeding and growth.”
What causes ADHD in pregnancy?
A mother’s health and habits during pregnancy can also play a role in the development of ADHD. Poor nutrition and infections during pregnancy can increase the risk of ADHD, for example. There’s also evidence that says using substances during pregnancy increases the risk that the child will develop ADHD.
Can you take Adderall in first trimester?
Researchers found no increased risks for amphetamines medication, but they found a small increased risk for congenital heart defects in newborns exposed to methylphenidate in the first trimester. That risk translated to 3 additional infants per 1,000 women born with heart defects.
Can Adderall cause preeclampsia?
The research shows that women who took ADHD stimulants during pregnancy experienced a slightly increased risk of preterm birth or preeclampsia — a potentially dangerous complication characterized by high blood pressure.