They grow normally during childhood and adolescence and still meet age-appropriate growth milestones as they get older. Others can have severe problems with learning and moving. Children with microcephaly are more likely to have other medical problems, like cerebral palsy and epilepsy.
Can babies with microcephaly be normal?
Microcephaly in children is a rare and genetic condition. Some children with microcephaly are both with normal intelligence and have normal developmental milestones, but their heads will always be smaller than normal children for their age and sex. Even in such cases, a regular follow-up with the doctor is advised.
Can a child with microcephaly live a normal life?
There is no standard life expectancy for microcephalic babies because outcomes depend on so many factors, and the severity of the condition can range from mild to severe. Babies with mild microcephaly may still meet the same milestones like speaking, sitting and walking as a child without the disorder.
Why is my baby’s head not growing?
During pregnancy, a baby’s head grows because the baby’s brain grows. Microcephaly can occur because a baby’s brain has not developed properly during pregnancy or has stopped growing after birth, which results in a smaller head size.
Does microcephaly develop after birth?
In some cases, microcephaly may occur after birth. This is known as acquired microcephaly. It can happen because of injury to the brain. This may be caused by lack of oxygen or an infection.
Does microcephaly cause retardation?
Signs and symptoms of microcephaly may include a smaller than normal head circumference that usually remains smaller than normal as the child grows, dwarfism or short stature, delayed motor and speech functions, mental retardation, seizures, facial distortions, hyperactivity, balance and coordination problems, and …
At what age is microcephaly diagnosed?
Early diagnosis of microcephaly can sometimes be made by fetal ultrasound. Ultrasounds have the best diagnosis possibility if they are made at the end of the second trimester, around 28 weeks, or in the third trimester of pregnancy. Often diagnosis is made at birth or at a later stage.
How can I tell if my baby has microcephaly?
After birth, a baby with microcephaly may have these signs and symptoms:
- Small head size.
- Failure to thrive (slow weight gain and growth)
- High-pitched crying.
- Little appetite or problems with feeding.
- Muscle spasms.
Can microcephaly be genetic?
Microcephaly is an autosomal recessive gene disorder. Autosomal means that boys and girls are equally affected. Recessive means that two copies of the gene, one from each parent, are needed to have the condition. Some genetic disorders that cause microcephaly are X-linked.
What foods help fetal brain development?
Fish, rich in omega-3 fatty acids like DHA, may boost your baby’s brain power. In a study from Harvard Medical School, the more fish women ate during the second trimester, the higher their babies scored on a mental-development test at 6 months of age.
When should I be concerned about my baby’s head size?
Macrocephaly means big head, and it is the name for a condition in which an infant or child has an abnormally large head size. For a doctor to diagnose macrocephaly, the measurement of the head around its widest part needs to be larger than the 98th percentile.
At what age does a child’s head stop growing?
The brain more than triples in size during a child’s first 2 years of life. To make room for the brain, the skull must grow rapidly during this time, reaching 80% of its adult size by the age of 2 years. By age 5, the skull has grown to over 90% of the adult size.
What does baby head size indicate?
Another measure of infant growth is head circumference, or the size of your baby’s head. It’s important because it can indicate how well their brain is growing. If your baby’s brain isn’t growing properly, they may have a condition known as microcephaly.
Can a child with microcephaly talk?
Early intervention services for children with microcephaly
Some children with microcephaly won’t need any treatment other than routine appointments to measure head size. Other children might have serious speech and learning difficulties. Some might need medication for seizures.
Can microcephaly be detected at 20 week ultrasound?
Although microcephaly and intracranial calcifications are typically detected during ultrasounds in the late second and early third trimester of pregnancy, these findings might be detected as early as 18-20 weeks gestation.