A The most common cause of seizures in newborn infants is brain damage from illness or injury, such as hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) (5). For more details on HIE and other causes of seizures, including infections, traumatic brain injury, or prolonged second stage of labor, click here.
What is the cause of convulsion in babies?
A febrile convulsion is a seizure or fit that happens because of fever, which is a temperature higher than 38°C. The rapid rise in temperature causes an abnormal electrical discharge in the brain. Febrile convulsions usually happen in children between six months and six years old.
What is the most common cause for a child to have a convulsion?
Anything that interrupts the normal connections between nerve cells in the brain can cause a seizure. This includes a high fever, high or low blood sugar, alcohol or drug withdrawal, or a brain concussion. But when a child has 2 or more seizures with no known cause, this is diagnosed as epilepsy.
What to do if a baby has a convulsion?
Take your child to the nearest hospital or call 999 and ask for an ambulance if:
- your child is having a seizure for the first time.
- the seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes and shows no signs of stopping.
- you suspect the seizure is being caused by another serious illness – for example, meningitis.
How can I prevent my baby from having seizures?
To keep your child safe and prevent accidental injury during a seizure, he advises parents to do the following:
- Place the child on a soft surface, such as a bed.
- Prevent choking by laying the child on his or her side or stomach.
- Ensure that the child is breathing adequately.
What is the best treatment for convulsion?
Doctors often recommend psychological therapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, to help treat non-epileptic seizures. These treatments help a person manage the underlying stress causing the seizures.
How can Convulsions be prevented?
- Keep other people out of the way.
- Clear hard or sharp objects away from the person.
- Don’t try to hold them down or stop the movements.
- Place them on their side, to help keep their airway clear.
- Look at your watch at the start of the seizure, to time its length.
- Don’t put anything in their mouth.
What does a child seizure look like?
clonic seizures, which are rhythmic jerking movements that may involve the muscles of the face, tongue, arms, legs, or other regions. tonic seizures, which are stiffening or tightening or muscle groups; the head or eyes may turn to one side, or the baby may bend or stretch one or more arms or legs.
How do you treat a convulsion at home?
Self-Care at Home
- Help the child to lie down on their side, preferably in a flat, non-crowded area. …
- Remove glasses or other harmful objects in the area.
- Do not try to put anything in the child’s mouth to try to stop the seizure; you may injure the child or yourself.
What does seizure look like in baby?
More pronounced signs may include the baby’s arms coming up with a slight head nod and their eyes rolling up. While this type of movement may look like the baby is just startled, spasms may occur for five to ten seconds in a cluster for several minutes when the baby first wakes up or is going to sleep.
Do infant seizures go away?
In most cases, the seizures go away by the time the child is 16 months old. About 11% of children go on to develop other types of seizures.
How do you treat convulsions?
Seizure first aid
- Carefully roll the person onto one side.
- Place something soft under his or her head.
- Loosen tight neckwear.
- Avoid putting your fingers or other objects in the person’s mouth.
- Don’t try to restrain someone having a seizure.
- Clear away dangerous objects if the person is moving.
Can seizure kill a child?
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, the hallmark of which is unprovoked seizures. It affects people of all ages, though it’s more common among young children and older people. Death from epilepsy is rare.
Are seizures common in babies?
Seizures happen when brain cells fire or “talk” too much, temporarily disrupting the brain’s normal electrical signals. They’re quite common, especially in infants and young children, and they have a wide range of causes.
What are the 3 main phases of a seizure?
Seizures take on many different forms and have a beginning (prodrome and aura), middle (ictal) and end (post-ictal) stage.
Can a baby have a seizure while sleeping?
Nocturnal seizures in infants and young children
Parents of new infants sometimes confuse a condition called benign neonatal sleep myoclonus with epilepsy. Infants experiencing myoclonus have involuntary jerking that often looks like a seizure.