What are the three leading causes of infant mortality?

What is the leading cause of infant mortality?

Preterm birth, intrapartum-related complications (birth asphyxia or lack of breathing at birth), infections and birth defects cause most neonatal deaths in 2017. From the end of the neonatal period and through the first 5 years of life, the main causes of death are pneumonia, diarrhoea, birth defects and malaria.

What is the leading cause of infant mortality in US?

Some of the leading causes of infant death in the United States include the following: birth defects; prematurity/low birthweight; sudden infant death syndrome; maternal complications of pregnancy and respiratory distress syndrome.

What are the three leading causes of infant mortality in Ohio?

The leading causes of infant death in Ohio continue to be prematurity-related conditions, congenital anomalies, obstetric conditions, external injury, and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Appendix A). Appendix C summarizes key initiatives addressing prematurity as the leading cause of infant mortality in Ohio.

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Which is the leading cause of infant mortality What is its main cause class 9?

Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths worldwide.

What are the 10 leading causes of infant mortality?

Causes of Infant Mortality

  • Birth defects.
  • Preterm birth and low birth weight.
  • Maternal pregnancy complications.
  • Sudden infant death syndrome.
  • Injuries (e.g., suffocation).

Are there ways to reduce the risk of infant mortality?

Consider the following ways to help reduce the risk: Preventing Birth Defects. Addressing Preterm Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Their Outcomes. Getting Pre-Pregnancy and Prenatal Care.

What country has the highest rate of infant mortality?

Infant mortality rate

Rank Country deaths/1,000 live births
1 Afghanistan 106.75
2 Somalia 88.03
3 Central African Republic 84.22
4 Niger 68.12

Which group has the highest rate of infant mortality?

Infant mortality rates by race: United States, 2016-2018 Average. During 2016-2018 (average), the infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) in the United States was highest for black infants (10.5), followed by American Indian/Alaska Natives (8.2), whites (4.8) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (4.1).

Why do more male babies die than females?

Infant mortality is higher in boys than girls in most parts of the world. This has been explained by sex differences in genetic and biological makeup, with boys being biologically weaker and more susceptible to diseases and premature death.

Which race has the highest infant mortality rate in Ohio?

During 2016-2018 (average), the infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) in Ohio was highest for black infants (13.8), followed by Hispanics (7.9), whites (5.7) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (5.0).

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What states have the highest infant mortality rate?

Mississippi has the highest infant mortality rate of all U.S. states, according to a ranking from the Kaiser Family Foundation.

Why is infant mortality rate high in Ohio?

The leading causes of infant death in Ohio remain conditions related to prematurity and preterm births, birth defects, external injuries (including accidental suffocation in bed) and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), in that order.

What causes baby to die after birth?

The most common causes of neonatal death are premature birth, low birthweight and birth defects. An autopsy may help you find out why your baby died.

Why some states have lower infant mortality rate?

Even the transport infrastructure of a State can have a role in reducing infant mortality, because the longer people take to reach hospitals when their child is sick, the higher the risk of death.

Why is child mortality important?

Why is child mortality important? Under-5 mortality rate is a leading indicator of the level of child health and overall development in countries. … Between 1990 and 2008, the number of children in developing countries who died before they reached the age of five dropped from 100 to 72 deaths per 1,000 live births.

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