Reports exist of illness or death in the premature infant related to specific bacteria in the human milk. 2,3 Large amounts of usually pathogenic bacteria or sometimes even what is considered normal flora can cause illness in these infants.
Does bacteria pass through breast milk?
Breast-fed milk may nourish a baby’s microbiome in ways that bottled breast milk can’t. In the earliest days after birth, millions of bacteria make their home in a baby’s body — in the skin, mouth and especially the gut.
Does breast milk contain bacteria and viruses?
But more recent studies have shown that breast milk has millions of microbes (bacteria, viruses and fungi) that are critical to preventing babies from suffering diseases and other acute infections later in life.
What bacteria is in breast milk?
Bacteria genera commonly isolated from breast milk samples include Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Clostridium, Ralstonia, Staphylococcus, and Streptococcus [1,4,7].
Can babies get bacterial infections from breast milk?
Microbes from the mother carried in breast milk is one probable route, but so is the transfer of mouth bacteria from the mouth of a sucking baby. Breast pumps offer a third, artificial pathway – one that can potentially transmit a range of environmental bacteria to the baby.
What diseases can be transferred through breast milk?
The concern is about viral pathogens, known to be blood-borne pathogens, which have been identified in breast milk and include but are not limited to hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), West Nile virus, human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV), and HIV.
Does kissing your baby change your breast milk?
Kissing your baby will change your breast milk
When you kiss your baby, you are sampling the pathogens on her skin, which are then transferred to your lymphatic system where you will produce antibodies to any bugs. These antibodies will then pass through your breast milk to your baby and boost her immune system.
Is it OK to give baby someone else’s breast milk?
The AAP does not encourage using informally shared breast milk, citing the risks of spreading disease. It can also expose an infant to medications, alcohol, drugs, or other contaminants.
How long do babies have their mother’s immune system?
“An infant’s immune system doesn’t mature until around 2 to 3 months,” Dr. Sabella says. “In those first few months, the immune system — especially cell-mediated immunity — becomes more developed. This is very important in helping a child fight off viruses.”
Can I pass salmonella through breast milk?
When a mom gets food poisoning, the bacteria don’t usually pass to baby though breast milk; it stays in mom’s intestinal tract. Salmonella can (rarely) get into the bloodstream and milk, but breastfeeding would still be an effective way to help protect baby.
How can I make my breast milk rich?
Focus on making healthy choices to help fuel your milk production. Opt for protein-rich foods, such as lean meat, eggs, dairy, beans, lentils and seafood low in mercury. Choose a variety of whole grains as well as fruits and vegetables.
Is breast milk different for each baby?
Variations in milk
All breast milk is not created equal: It can vary in levels of proteins, fats, sugars, hormones and other components. But breast milk doesn’t just differ from mother to mother. It can also differ when the same mother nurses different babies, and across the span of an infant’s development.